نقش سبک زندگی در تعدیل دیابت

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات بیوشیمی و بیوفیزیک، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات بیوشیمی و بیوفیزیک دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشکده علوم زیستی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

دیابت بیماری با سابقه چندین هزار ساله، هیچگاه در طول تاریخ از چنین گستردگی برخوردار نبوده است . از مهم ترین عوامل ایجاد این وضعیت، اقبال مردم به زندگی شهرنشینی ، آلودگی های هوا، آب ، صدا، مصرف غذاهای با منشأ ساختگی و صنعتی به جای غذاهای طبیعی و فراسودمند، فشارهای روحی و روانی ناشی از ناهنجاری های اجتماعی و محیطی و رقابت های نا مطلوب اقتصادی و بویژه سبک زندگی معاصر با فعالیت بدنی اندک و فاصله گرفتن از معنویت است. دیابت به عنوان یک بیماری مزمن و فرساینده نه تنها سلامت اندام ها را به خطر می اندازد بلکه آسیب هایی جدی بر اجتماع و اقتصاد وارد می آورد. هر چند اصلاح بسیاری از عوامل مداخله گر در ایجاد بیماری دیابت ممکن نیست اما به نظر می رسد ساده ترین و سهل ترین شیوه مقابله با بیماری دیابت در تغییر سبک زندگی نهفته باشد. در این میان شناخت عواملی با تأثیر بالقوه در اصلاح سبک زندگی و بازگشت به سبک های تضمین کننده سلامتی از اهمیتی ویژه برخوردار است. در این مطالعه خواهیم دید با ایجاد تغییراتی ساده در روش زندگی مانند افزایش فعالیت های فیزیکی، بهره مندی از رژیم غذایی سالم، شناخت و استفاده از اصول مطرح شده در طب سنتی، تقویت باورهای دینی و معنوی، پرهیز از تنش و اضطراب، کنترل روح و روان و در نظر گرفتن خواب کافی در برنامه روزانه می توان خطر ابتلا به دیابت را به صورت چشم گیری کاهش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Lifestyles in Diabetes Adjustment

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi 1
  • Mohammad Behnam-Rad 2
  • Fereshteh Taghavi 3
1 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran
2 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Faculty of Biological Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Recent extension of diabetes has never seen in its ancient hist ory. The interest of people to industrial urbanization, air, water and noise pollution, consumption of industrial and synthetic products instead of natural foods, meta-psychological pressures arising from social and environmental anomalies, undesirable economic competition, especially contemporary lifestyle with little physical activities and finally stay away from spirituality are main reasons for diabetes extension. It is worth mentioning that is not only the health of human organs but also the health and economy of societies are threatened severely by diabetes as a chronic and debilitating disease. However, it is impossible to modify all recent confounding factors in diabetes formation, but it seems that the simplest and easiest way to deal with diabetes is positive changes in lifestyles. Here in, the correct understandings of potent factors in lifestyle modification and rebound to healthy lifestyle have special significance in this procedure correction. In this study, we emphasis on a simple lifestyle changes such as increasing physical activity, enjoyment of a healthy and appropriate diet with respect to the principles of traditional medicine, the strengthening of spiritual and virtue , avoiding from anxiety and psychic pressures and daily enough sleeping. It is clear that all of mentioned factors can significantly reduce the risk of diabetes surely.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Diabetes
  • lifestyle
  • Exercise
  • Nutraceutics and Functional Food
  • Spiritual Beliefs
  • Stress
  • Traditional medicine
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