سیاستگذار یهای صنعتی در برخی از کشورهای جهان و ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 بنیاد پیشبرد علم و فناوری در ایران

2 دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

سیاست صنعتی یکی از مقولات مهم اقتصادی است که سابقه نظریه پردازی در این مقوله به قرن هجدهم بر می گردد. اما به دلیل غلبه اقتصاد مرسوم که معتقد به عدم دخالت دولت در توسعه است، این مقوله چندان که باید در محافل علمی و سیاستگذاری فراگیر نشده است. در این مقاله، رویکردهای سیاست صنعتی در برخی از کشورهای پیشرو در صنعت و فناوری مورد بررسی قرار می گیرد منظور از "سیاست صنعتی" نوعی از مداخلات دولت هست که با هدف تغییرات ساختاری اتخاذ می شود. آنچه باعث شد تا عصر حاضر، به عنوان انقلاب در سیاست صنعتی" نامید شود، فراگیری این نوع سیاست ها در همه کشورها از کشورهای صنعتی توسعه یافته گرفته تا اقتصادهای در حال ظهور و همچنین کشورهای کمتر توسعه یافته است. نکته جالب توجه اینکه حتی کشورهای صنعتی شده، صحبت از "نو صنعتی شدن می کنند. نبود سیاست های مدون صنعت و فناوری موجب می شود کشور ها بدون حرکت در مسیر مشخصی متوقف شده و حتی مسیر صنعت زدایی را تجربه کند. تجربه بحران اقتصاد جهانی محرکی بسیار قوی بود تا نگرش ها، نظریه و سیاست ها بازنگری شوند و همگی به کمک صنعت بیایند. در ایران نیز در برنامه های توسعه و اسناد بالادستی سیاست های صنعتی و نیز صنایع و فناوری های نو ظهور تبیین شده و اکنون کشور بیش از پیش برنامه محور و در مسیر اتخاذ سیاست های صنعتی و فناوری مناسب قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Industrial Policy in Some Countries and Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Kiani-Bakhtiari 1
  • Nima Mokhtarzadeh 2
1 Foundation for the Advancement of Science & Technology in Iran
2 Management Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Industrial Policy is one of the major issues of economic which has a theoretical history dating back to the eighteenth century. Industrial Policy” is a strategic effort to encourage the development and growth of the manufacturing sector of the economy. This paper reviews the evidence on emerging new trends in the sphere of industrial policy in some countries and IR. Iran. The extension of the industrial policy has been led to industrial revolution in all developed and developing countries. Interestingly, even the industrialized world; are following “new industrialization approaches”. Lack of policies in industry will disturb the balance of countries’ development. The global economic crisis provides the ground for revising all attitudes, theories and policies at service of industry. The development of industrial policy in Iran can also be realized through the programs and supreme development documents of the country will be highlighted in this research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Policy
  • Industrial Policy
  • New Industrialization
  • Green Growth
  • green innovation
  • Industrial Policy Experiences
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