خلاقیت و اکتشاف

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسنده

دانشگاه شهید بهشتی،دانشکده شیمی، شیمی آلی و نفت،ایران،تهران.

چکیده

در ﻋﺼﺮ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮐﻪ ﭘﯿﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﯽ در آن ﭘﺮ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺎن و ﺟﺎمعه ﺑﺸﺮی ﺑﺎ اﻧﻔﺠﺎر داده و اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﻣﻮاجه اﺳﺖ و اهمیت داﻧﺶ، ﻧﻮآوری و اﮐﺘﺸﺎف در ﺧﻠﻖ ﺛﺮوت به طور ﻣﺪاوم رو به ﻓﺰوﻧﯽ اﺳﺖ، ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﯿﻮه های آﻣﻮزش ﺧﻼق و روش های اﮐﺘﺸﺎف و ﻧﻮآوری از جمله مهمﺗﺮﯾﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ و ﭼﺎﻟﺶها در ﻓﺮاﯾﻨﺪ آﻣﻮزش و ﯾﺎدﮔﯿﺮی در ﻣﺮاﮐﺰ آﻣﻮزﺷﯽ و ﭘﮋوهشی ﻣﺤﺴﻮب ﻣﯽﺷﻮد. در اﯾﻦ ﻣﻘﺎله ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮح ﺳﺆال آﯾﺎ ﻣﯽﺗﻮان اﻧﺴﺎن ﺧﻼق و ﮐﺎﺷﻒ ﺗﺮﺑﯿﺖ ﮐﺮد؟ ﺑﺎ ﺑﯿﺎن ﺳﻄﻮح ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﺮاﯾﻨﺪ آﻣﻮزش، شیوه آﻣﻮزش ﺧﻼق ﻣﺒﺘﻨﯽ ﺑﺮ آﻣﻮزش داﻧﺶﻣﺤﻮر ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از روش های ﺗﺠﺮبه ﺗﺎرﯾﺨﯽ اﻧﺴﺎن در آﻣﻮزش زﺑﺎن و اﻟﮕﻮﺑﺮداری و الهام از ﻃﺒﯿﻌﺖ به ﻋﻨﻮان بهترین روش های آﻣﻮزش ﺧﻼق ﻣﻌﺮﻓﯽ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ. در ﭘﺎﯾﺎن در ﭘﺎﺳﺦ به ﺳﺆال اﮐﺘﺸﺎف های ﺑﺰرگ ﭼﮕﻮنه رخداده و چه ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﯽ ﺑﺎ آﻣﻮزش ﺧﻼق دارﻧﺪ؟ اﻧﻮاع روش های ﮐﺸﻒ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﮐﺸﻒ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﯽ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ، ﺗﺼﺎدف و ﺧﻮشاﻗﺒﺎﻟﯽ، ﻣﻨﻄﻖ و اﺳﺘﺪﻻل، ﺗﺨﯿﻞ و رؤﯾﺎ، اﻟﮕﻮ و ﮐﭙﯽﺑﺮداری از ﻃﺒﯿﻌﺖ (زﯾﺴﺖ اﻟﮕﻮ)، ﺑﺎورها و ﭘﮋوﻫﺶهای ﺑﺮﻧﺎمه رﯾﺰیﺷﺪه ﻣﻌﺮﻓﯽ و ارﺗﺒﺎط ﻣﺆﺛﺮ آنها ﺑﺎ آﻣﻮزش ﺧﻼق ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ و ﺗﺄﮐﯿﺪ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮفته اﺳﺖ.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Creativity and Discovery

نویسنده [English]

  • Ahmad Shaabani
Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Chemistry and Petroleum Sciences Organic Chemistry and Oil
چکیده [English]

Currently, scientific advances are accelerating, and human society is facing with data and information explosion and the importance of knowledge, innovation and discovery in the creation of wealth is constantly increasing. Recognition of creative teaching practices and methods of discovery and innovation are the most important issues and challenges in the teaching and learning process in educational and research centers. In this article, with the question of “Is it possible to shape a creative and discoverer human by education?” Different levels of education have been explained and knowledge-based teaching as a creative education using human experience in language teaching and inspiring nature as the best creative teaching methods have been introduced. Finally, in answer to the question of “How big discovery happens and what the relationship of it with creative education?” Various types of discovery methods, including question- based discovery, serendipity and accidental discovery, logic and reasoning, imagination and dreaming, biomimetics and nature- based discovery, beliefs, and planed based research are introduced and their effective relationship (their effective link) to creative education has been studied and emphasized

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Discovery
  • creativity
  • Innovation
  • Information
  • Knowledge
  • education
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