کرم خاکی، کرمپالایی و سایر فناوری ها

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران،دانشکده علوم و فنون ،مهندسی علوم زیستی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

عمر تکاملی کرمهای خاکی به 600 میلیون سال پیش برمیگردد. داروین اولین مطالعات را روی این جانوران که بیمهرگان غالب خاک بوده و 60 تا 80 % توده زیستی خاک را تشکیل میدهند، انجام داد. تأثیر بر ویژگیهای فیزیکی، شیمیایی و زیستی خاک با بلع مداوم آن سادهترین کار شناخته شده این جانوران است. اما امروزه فناوریهای پیچیدهای از کرمهای خاکی کشف شده است. تولید محصولات فناورانهای چون داروهای حساس، مواد آرایشی و بهداشتی طبیعی، پروتئین پایه خوراک حیوانات، کودهای بیو ارگانیک (ورمیکمپوست) و مواد حشرهکش از این جمله اند. همچنین از این جانوران برای فرآوری پسماندهای فسادپذیر (آلی)، حذف انواع مواد آلاینده خطرناک خاک نظیر فلزات سنگین، آلایندههای نفتی و آفتکشها و تصفیه آب با فناوری کرمپالایی استفاده میشود. این مقاله به بررسی این فناوریها پرداخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Earthworm, Vermiremediation and other Technologies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Zarabi
  • Seyyede Nazila Jafari-farjam
  • Ashrafalsadat Hatamian-Zarmi
University of Tehran, Faculty of Science and Technology, Life Sciences Engineering, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The origin of earthworms back to 600 million years ago. Darwin made the first studies on these invertebrates comprising 60-80% of the soil biomass. Their impact on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil with continuous swallowing is the simplest known task of these animals. But today, several technological properties on earthworms have been discovered. Some products such as susceptible drugs, natural cosmetics, protein based on animal foods, bio-organic fertilizers (vermicompost) and natural insecticides are among these. These animals are also used to processing corrosive waste(organic), remediate different kinds of hazardous contaminants and pollutants in soil such as heavy metals, petroleum pollutants and pesticides and water, which is named on vermiremediation. This article addresses these technologies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Earthworm
  • Vermiremediation
  • Biomedicine
  • Vermicompost
  • cosmetic
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