نقش شیر شتر و ملکول های زیست فعال آن در درمان بیماری ها

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 مرکز تحقیقات بیوشیمی و بیوفیزیک، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشگاه تهران،دانشکده مهندسی و فناوری کشاورزی پردیس کشاورزی،علوم و مهندسی صنایع غذایی

3 گروه علوم درمانگاهی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

محصولات غذائی طبیعی فاقد دارو و سموم مختلف و دارای خواص درمانی، مورد توجه مصرف کنندگان در سراسر جهان قرار گرفته است.در این میان شیر شتر تنها به عنوان یک غذا محسوب نشده بلکه محصولی شفا بخش است که می تواند در کمک به درمان بیماری های خاصمورد توجه قرار گیرد. وجود آنتی بادی های ویژه با قابلیت نفوذ قابل توجه به بافت های سرطانی، وجود مقادیر متنابع ماده شبه انسولین )که دردرمان دیابت موثر است( وجود پپتیدهای فعال زیستی بدست آمده از پروتئین های مختلف شیر شتر با قابلیت آنتی اکسیدانتی، آنتی م کیروبی وکاهندگی فشار خون و شباهت بی بدلیل شیر شتر به شیر انسان از ویژگی های مهم این شیر محسوب می شود. یکی از دلائل آن فقدان پروتئینآلرژی زای بتا لاکتوگلوبولین است، اما شیر گاو دارای بتا لاکتوگلوبولین می باشد. وجود بتا لاکتوگلوبولین سبب بروز آلرژی های غذائی درنوزادان انسان می گردد. شیر شتر فاقد بتا لاکتوگلوبولین بوده و از این نظر مشابه شیر انسان است که قابلیت جایگزینی آن با شیر مادر را دارد.این خواص تنها بخش ناچیزی از ویژگی های این محصول الهی بشمار می رود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Camel Milk and its Bioactive Molecules in Medical Treatments

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi 1
  • Maryam Salami 2
  • Aman Bibi Atakpour 3
  • Hajar Arabha 3
  • Amir Niasari-Naslaji 3
1 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 University of Tehran, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Campus of Agriculture, Food Science and Engineering
3 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Organic food, the food without any drug residues and poisonous materials with therapeutic properties, has been of considerable interest by consumers worldwide. In this context, camel milk is not only considered as a food with high nutritive values but also as a food with therapeutic elements that could be used to assist the patients with some of diseases. These include, the presence of peculiar antibodies that can penetrate into the cancer tissues and the presence of insulin like molecules that could be used to treat diabetes, bioactive peptides that are produced from camel milk protein having antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti hypertension activity as well as similarity of camel milk to human milk. Bovine's milk allergy is by far the most prevalent food allergy especially in children because of the presence of B-lactoglobulin. Camel milk lacks this protein and is enriched with a-lactalbumin such as human milk. These are only a partial list of properties embodied in camel milk which is to truly a divine food.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  •  Camel
  • Camel milk
  • Therapeutic Properties
  • Bioactive Peptides
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