مرکز تحقیقات بیوشیمی و بیوفیزیک، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of green economy has been introduced and discussed in practical, economic and political circles of the world for several years. Since 2010, three issues of green economy, international environmental governance and biodiversity have been on the agenda of the UN Environment Program. A green economy is a type of economy that can provide a higher quality of life within the constraints of the planet Earth. Such an economy can promote welfare and health in human society and also reduce environmental risks. Green economy means reducing all environmental risks and the production of green products (products compatible with nature) in the process of human life, which results in the health and social vitality of citizens in various societies. One of the ways to achieve sustainable development is the tendency towards a green economy. The transition from a fossil economy to a green economy requires the preparation of conditions and infrastructure and the revision of policies at the national and international levels. In this regard, efforts should be made to achieve a pragmatic convergence and alignment between the agencies in charge of economic development planning and the agencies in charge of environmental and climate planning. The development of the green economy more than ever in the current era of global crises and the damage caused by the excessive consumption of non-renewable energy sources has endangered human health; It is more tangible and its development requirements must be met. Government policies, planning and investment to strengthen renewable energy technologies, green products and knowledge-based human resources training are among the main requirements for the development of a green and sustainable economy that should be considered.