مروری بر بسته‌بندی هوشمند و فعال در صنایع غذایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله ترویجی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگاه استاندارد،پژوهشکده صنایع غذایی و فرآورده‌های کشاورزی،

2 پژوهشکده صنایع غذایی و فرآورده‌های کشاورزی، پژوهشگاه استاندارد

چکیده

ظهور بسیاری از فراورده‌های غذایی جدید در بازار، همراه با نیاز مصرف‌کننده برای پایش مداوم کیفیت آنها تا زمان مصرف، همچنین نیاز برای کاهش فساد مواد غذایی در مدت زمان نگهداری و افزایش ماندگاری، منجر به گسترش برخی فناوری‌های جدید در بسته­بندی شده است. در طی قرن گذشته شاهد نوآوری‌هایی در این زمینه از قبیل بسته‌بندی هوشمند و بسته‌بندی فعال بوده است. مزایای بسته‌بندی هوشمند شامل ردیابی نقص‌ها، پایش کیفیت و ردیابی محصولات غذایی بسته‌بندی شده برای کنترل شرایط نگهداری از مرحله تولید تا مرحله مصرف با استفاده از سنسورها و شاخص‌های مختلف از قبیل شاخص‌های زمان-دما، شاخص‌های گازی، سنسورهای رطوبت، سنسورهای چشمی زیستی، رنگ‌سنجی و الکتروشیمیایی است. بسته‌بندی فعال، با استفاده از سیستم‌های جذب و انتقال مواد مختلف مانند دی‌اکسیدکربن، اکسیژن و اتانول، به افزایش زمان ماندگاری محصول کمک می‌کند. با وجود مزایای فراوان برای این نوع بسته‌بندی‌ها، موضوعات مهمی مانند هزینه، بازاریابی، مقبولیت مصرف‌کننده، ایمنی و کیفیت ارزیابی حسی ماده غذایی و ایمنی محیط زیستی در ارتباط با این فناوری­ها وجود دارد که حل‌شدن این مسائل و افزایش مصرف این بسته‌بندی‌ها در صنایع غذایی، نیازمند انجام تحقیقات و بررسی‌های بیشتر است. هدف این مقاله، مرور این دو نوع بسته‌بندی و همچنین وضعیت و جایگاه کشور در استفاده از آنها می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Overview of Smart and Active Packaging in The Food Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansooreh Mazaheri 1
  • Masoumeh Mahmoudi-Maymand 2
1 Standard Research Institute, Food and Agricultural Products, Food toxicology dept.
2 Standard Research Institute
چکیده [English]

The emergence of many new food products in the market, along with the consumer's need to continuously check on the products' quality until consumption, and the necessity to enhance shelf life and decrease food spoiling during storage, resulted in the expansion of some new technologies in packaging. During the last century, some innovations in this field such as smart packaging and active packaging have been developed. The advantages of smart packaging include defect tracking, quality monitoring and tracking of packaged food products to control the storage conditions from the production to the consumption using various sensors and indicators such as time-temperature indicators, gas indicators, humidity sensors, optical biosensors, colorimetric, and electrochemical sensors. Active packaging, by using absorption and transfer systems of various materials such as carbon dioxide, oxygen, and ethanol, helps to increase the shelf life of the product. Despite the advantages of these packages, there are important issues such as cost, marketing, consumer acceptability, organoleptic quality, and safety of food and environment in connection with these technologies, solving these issues and increasing the use of these packages in the food industry requires research and more reviews. The purpose of this article is to review these two types of packaging as well as the status and position of the country in their use.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Smart Packaging
  • Active Packaging
  • Food
  • Food quality
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